Cuba (Bay of Pigs)
A secret invasion of Cuba to remove Castro by USA backed forces fails. The invasion, called The Bay of Pigs, had been approved by the USA president John Kennedy.
Dominican Republic (Assassination of Trujillo)
After over 30 years as brutal dictator of the Dominican Republic, Rafael Leonidas Trujillo is assassinated with help from the USA CIA. The USA had originally backed him because of his stated anti-communism, but now removed him because his business interests began to compete with those of the USA.
Anti-communism had been used to justify mass deportations, torture and summary executions. Workers who had asked for wage increases were labeled communists, and shot, as were farmers who tried to stop their land from from being confiscated.
Trujillo eventually controlled over 80% of the country’s sugar plantations, using slave labour provided by neighbouring Haiti to keep profits high.
20,000 Haitians had been killed between 1937 and 1961.
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